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Computer Acronyms and Abbreviations: A Complete List – 2023

πŸ–₯️ Decoding Computer Acronyms and Abbreviations: Navigating Tech Terminology 🌐

A computer abbreviation is also popularly known as a computer acronym or a computer full-form. These short forms are used in the computer industry to represent certain terms, phrases, or commands. The following are the most frequently used abbreviations:

Computer Acronyms and Abbreviations That start with A to Z

The list of computer acronyms is given below. Please read it in its entirety.

AI: Artificial Intelligence
API: Application Programming Interface
ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface)
ATA (Advanced Technology Attachment)
ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
AES (Advanced Encryption Standard)
ARP (Address Resolution Protocol)
AJAX (asynchronous JavaScript and XML)
AMD (Advanced Micro Devices)
ASP (Active Server Pages)
APM: Advanced Power Management
ADSL (Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line)
AWT: Abstract Window Toolkit
AVR: Automatic Voltage Regulator
ACL (Access Control List)
AJAX (asynchronous JavaScript and XML)
ANSI (American National Standards Institute)
AMD64: Advanced Micro Devices 64-bit
ADFS (Active Directory Federation Services)
AD: Active Directory
ADC (Analog to Digital Converter)
r)PIPA – Automatic Private IP Addressing
AES – Advanced Encryption Standard
AMOLED – Active-Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode
A-GPS – Assisted Global Positioning System
ASP.NET – Active Server Pages .NET
ATA – Advanced Technology Attachment
ATX – Advanced Technology eXtended
AVC – Advanced Video Coding
AVI – Audio Video Interleave
ARP – Address Resolution Protocol
AGP – Accelerated Graphics Port
AAC – Advanced Audio Coding
ASIO – Audio Stream Input/Output
AEC – Acoustic Echo Cancellation
ADF – Automatic Document Feeder
ADSL – Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
AES-256 – Advanced Encryption Standard 256-bit
AJAX – Asynchronous JavaScript and XML
AMR – Adaptive Multi-Rate
ASN.1 – Abstract Syntax Notation One
ATM – Asynchronous Transfer Mode
AVR – Automatic Voltage Regulator
AOD – Always-On Display
ACID – Atomicity
ARGB – Alpha-Red-Green-Blue
ARM – Advanced RISC Machines
ASCII – American Standard Code for Information Interchange
AFS – Andrew File System
AML – ACPI Machine Language
APIPA – Automatic Private IP Addressing
APM – Advanced Power Management
AR – Augmented Reality
ARPU – Average Revenue Per User
ASP – Active Server Pages
ATAPI – Advanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface
ATE – Automatic Test Equipment
ATM – Adobe Type Manager
AVC-Intra – Advanced Video Codec-Intra Frame
AWG – American Wire Gauge
AC – Alternating Current
ACL – Access Control List
AES-NI – Advanced Encryption Standard New Instructions
AF – Auto Focus
A-GNSS – Assisted Global Navigation Satellite System
AHCI – Advanced Host Controller Interface.
AIFF – Audio Interchange File Format
AIO – All-In-One
AJAX – Asynchronous JavaScript and XML
ALE – Address Latch Enable
AMOLED – Active-Matrix Organic Light-Emitting Diode
AMP – Accelerated Mobile Pages
APIC – Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller
ARPANET – Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
ASIC – Application-Specific Integrated Circuit
ASP.NET – Active Server Pages .NET
AT – Advanced Technology
ATSC – Advanced Television Systems Committee
AUI – Attachment Unit Interface
AV – Audio-Visual
A/D – Analog to Digital
ACID-compliant – Atomicity
ADR – Automatic Dialogue Replacement
ADS – Alternate Data Streams
AESA – Active Electronically Scanned Array
AFM – Atomic Force Microscopy
AGP Pro – Accelerated Graphics Port Pro
AIX – Advanced Interactive eXecutive
AM – Amplitude Modulation
AMD-V – AMD Virtualization
API Gateway – Application Programming Interface Gateway
APT – Advanced Packaging Tool
ARP cache – Address Resolution Protocol cache
ASLR – Address Space Layout Randomization
ASM – Assembly language
ASR – Automatic Speech Recognition
ATA RAID – Advanced Technology Attachment Redundant Array of Independent Disks
ATI – Array Technology Inc.
ATM switch – Asynchronous Transfer Mode switch
AVCHD – Advanced Video Codec High Definition
AWD – Automatic Write Distribution
AES-128 – Advanced Encryption Standard 128-bit
AGP texturing – Accelerated Graphics Port texturing
AI accelerator – Artificial Intelligence accelerator
AIS – Automatic Identification System
ALU – Arithmetic Logic Unit
AOD – Active On-Demand
AOI – Automated Optical Inspection
AP – Access Point
API economy – Application Programming Interface economy
APM – Application Performance Management
APFS – Apple File System
ARP spoofing – Address Resolution Protocol spoofing
ASIO4ALL – Audio Stream Input/Output for all
ASIC miner – Application-Specific Integrated Circuit miner
ATX power supply – Advanced Technology eXtended power supply.
A/B testing – A/B (or split) testing
ACD – Automatic Call Distributor
ACLs – Access Control Lists
ACPI – Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
ADS – Active Directory Services
ADSL – Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
AE – Auto Exposure
ALE – Address Latch Enable
ALG – Application-Level Gateway
AMD – Advanced Micro Devices
AMI – American Megatrends Inc.
AMT – Active Management Technology
AMPs – Accelerated Mobile Pages
APM – Advanced Power Management
APP – Advanced Power Planning
APR – Apache Portable Runtime
APS – Auto Power-Saving
APU – Accelerated Processing Unit
ARC – Audio Return Channel
ARM – Advanced RISC Machines
ARP – Address Resolution Protocol
AS – Autonomous System
ASCII – American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASIC – Application-Specific Integrated Circuit
ASLR – Address Space Layout Randomization
ASP – Active Server Pages
ATA – Advanced Technology Attachment
ATAPI – Advanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface
ATM – Asynchronous Transfer Mode
ATP – Advanced Threat Protection
BCD – Boot Configuration Data
BGP – Border Gateway Protocol
BLOB – Binary Large Object
BNC – Bayonet Neill-Concelman connector
BSSID – Basic Service Set Identifier
BSD – Berkeley Software Distribution
BSoD – Blue Screen of Death
GUI – Graphical User Interface (sometimes pronounced as β€œgooey”)
GB – Gigabyte (sometimes pronounced as β€œgig-a-byte”)
BASH – Bourne-Again SHell
BCDR – Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery
BYOD – Bring Your Own Device
BOM – Byte Order Mark
BWT – Burrows-Wheeler Transform
BGP – Border Gateway Protocol
BSS – Basic Service Set
BIN – Binary file
BOM – Beginning of Message
BPM – Business Process Management
BERT – Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers
BIST – Built-In Self-Test
B-tree – Balanced Tree
BLOB – Binary Large Object
BYOC – Bring Your Own Cloud
BCD – Binary Coded Decimal
BFT – Byzantine Fault Tolerance
BIG-IP – BIG-IP Intelligent Application Switch
BMR – Bare Metal Restore
BADI – Business Add-In
BGP-4 – Border Gateway Protocol Version 4
BML – Business Markup Language
BRI – Basic Rate Interface
BGA – Ball Grid Array
BOM – Bill of Materials
BO – Business Object
BOR – Business Object Repository
BPMN – Business Process Model and Notation
BSDL – Boundary Scan Description Language
BRR – Bit Rate Reduction
BWT – Block World Transformation
BOM – Browser Object Model
BNR – Basic Networking Rate
BMT – Business Management Tool
BDT – Business Desktop Terminal
BCP – Batch Command Processor
BFD – Binary File Descriptor
BSC – Base Station Controller
BPL – Broadband over Power Lines
BRI – Basic Rate Interface
BDM – Background Debug Mode
BEA – Binary Editor and Analyzer
BWT – Burrows-Wheeler Transform
BPEL – Business Process Execution Language
BLOB – Basic Language Object
BCC – Blind Carbon Copy
BLS – Basic Line Service
BACnet – Building Automation and Control Networks
BFT – Binary File Transfer
BCDM – Binary-Coded Decimal Microcode
BRAM – Block RAM
BIST – Built-In Self-Test
BPU – Branch Prediction Unit
BWT – Block-World Transform
BBWC – Battery-Backed Write Cache
BGA – Ball Grid Array
BVRP – BitWare Virtual Port
BCS – Balanced Class Sets
BRF – Block Replace Feature
BEM – Boundary Element Method
BFO – Beat Frequency Oscillator
BIST – Boundary-Scan Insertion and Test
BSS – Base Station Subsystem
BFD – Block Fetch Disable
BOR – Basic Output Report
BIP – Bit Interleaved Parity
BDL – Block Design Language
CPU – Central Processing Unit
CSS – Cascading Style Sheets
CDN – Content Delivery Network
CRT – Cathode Ray Tube
CLI – Command Line Interface
CAD – Computer-Aided Design
CMOS – Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor
CD-ROM – Compact Disc Read-Only Memory
API – Application Programming Interface
CISC – Complex Instruction Set Computing
CGI – Common Gateway Interface
CNAME – Canonical Name
CAM – Content-Addressable Memory
CICS – Customer Information Control System
COM – Component Object Model
CMS – Content Management System
CTR – Click-Through Rate
CRUD – Create
CLI – Client Line Interface
CSV – Comma-Separated Values
CASE – Computer-Aided Software Engineering
CA – Certificate Authority
CPUID – CPU Identification
CBT – Computer-Based Training
CLOB – Character Large Object
CIFS – Common Internet File System
CMTS – Cable Modem Termination System
CAN – Controller Area Network
CRL – Certificate Revocation List
CDN – Content Distribution Network
CRM – Customer Relationship Management
CPU socket – Central Processing Unit socket
CDP – Cisco Discovery Protocol
CIDR – Classless Inter-Domain Routing
COTS – Commercial Off-The-Shelf
CLI – Command Line Interpreter
CAS – Column Address Strobe
CAC – Common Access Card
COBOL – Common Business Oriented Language
CMYK – Cyan
CAPTCHA – Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart
CDMA – Code Division Multiple Access
CAD/CAM – Computer-Aided Design/Computer-Aided Manufacturing
CBR – Constant Bit Rate
CSSLP – Certified Secure Software Lifecycle Professional
CAN – Campus Area Network
CLI – Common Language Infrastructure
CDF – Channel Definition Format
CPE – Customer Premises Equipment
CUA – Common User Access
CIFS – Common Internet File System
COA – Certificate of Authenticity
CAC – Common Access Card
CHAP – Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol
CID – Caller ID
CACM – Communications of the ACM
CDA – Common Data Access
CPU time – Central Processing Unit time
CIE – Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage
CMMI – Capability Maturity Model Integration
DNS – Domain Name System
DSL – Digital Subscriber Line
DDoS – Distributed Denial of Service
DBMS – Database Management System
DOS – Disk Operating System
DPI – Dots Per Inch
DAW – Digital Audio Workstation
DDR – Double Data Rate
DHCP – Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DRM – Digital Rights Management
DMA – Direct Memory Access
DVI – Digital Visual Interface
DVD – Digital Versatile Disc
DaaS – Desktop-as-a-Service
DCIM – Data Center Infrastructure Management
DWDM – Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing
DFS – Distributed File System
DLP – Data Loss Prevention
DAC – Digital-to-Analog Converter
DRM – Digital Rights Management
DSP – Digital Signal Processor
DOS – Denial of Service
DAW – Digital Audio Workstation
DSS – Decision Support System
DIMM – Dual In-line Memory Module
DWT – Discrete Wavelet Transform
DAG – Directed Acyclic Graph
DHCP – Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DLP – Digital Light Processing
DRAM – Dynamic Random Access Memory
DSLR – Digital Single-Lens Reflex
DAP – Digital Audio Player
DFS – Distributed File System
DFM – Design for Manufacturability
DRM – Digital Rights Management
DS – Data Set
ECU – Electronic Control Unit
EEPROM – Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EFI – Extensible Firmware Interface
EFS – Encrypting File System
EIDE – Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics
EJB – Enterprise JavaBeans
EMM – Expanded Memory Manager
EMS – Expanded Memory Specification
ESD – Electrostatic Discharge
EULA – End-User License Agreement
EVGA – Extended Video Graphics Array
EVDO – Evolution-Data Optimized
EXE – Executable file
EXT – EXTended file system (used in Linux and Unix-like operating systems)
EWS – Embedded Web Server
FDD – Floppy Disk Drive
FTP – File Transfer Protocol
FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions
FPM – Fast Page Mode
FQDN – Fully Qualified Domain Name
FSB – Front Side Bus
FUD – Fear
FPGA – Field-Programmable Gate Array
FAT – File Allocation Table
FDX – Full Duplex
FIFO – First In
FPS – Frames Per Second
FLOPS – Floating Point Operations Per Second
FLOSS – Free/Libre and Open Source Software
GUI – Graphical User Interface
GPS – Global Positioning System
GIF – Graphics Interchange Format
GPU – Graphics Processing Unit
GPRS – General Packet Radio Service
GHz – Gigahertz
GB – Gigabyte
GNU – GNU’s Not Unix (a recursive acronym)
GPL – General Public License
GPT – GUID Partition Table
GUI – Graphical User Interface
GZIP – GNU Zip (file compression format)
GPIO – General-Purpose Input/Output
HTML – Hypertext Markup Language
HTTP – Hypertext Transfer Protocol
HTTPS – Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure
HDD – Hard Disk Drive
HDTV – High-Definition Television
HDMI – High-Definition Multimedia Interface
GUI – Human-Computer Interface
HP – Hewlett-Packard
HPC – High-Performance Computing
HFS – Hierarchical File System
HIDS – Host-based Intrusion Detection System
HTML5 – Hypertext Markup Language version 5
Honeypot – A trap set to detect or deflect unauthorized access to information systems
IP – Internet Protocol
IPv4 – Internet Protocal Version 4
IPv6 – Internet Protocal Version 6
ISP – Internet Service Provider
IoT – Internet of Things
IMAP – Internet Message Access Protocol
ICMP – Internet Control Message Protocol
IDE – Integrated Development Environment
IEEE – Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IRC – Internet Relay Chat
ISO – International Organization for Standardization
iOS – iPhone Operating System
IMEI – International Mobile Equipment Identity
IaaS – Infrastructure as a Service
ICMPv6 – Internet Control Message Protocol version 6
JVM – Java Virtual Machine
JIT – Just-In-Time (a type of compiler used in Java)
JSON – JavaScript Object Notation
JRE – Java Runtime Environment
JDBC – Java Database Connectivity
JSP – JavaServer Pages
JTAG – Joint Test Action Group (a standard for testing and debugging electronic devices)
KB – Kilobyte
KBPS – Kilobits per second
KVM – Keyboard
KLOC – Kilo Lines of Code (a measure of software size)
KPI – Key Performance Indicator (a measure of how well a system or process is performing)
KDE – K Desktop Environment (a popular desktop environment for Linux)
Kbps – Kilobits per second (a measure of data transfer speed)
LAN – Local Area Network
LCD – Liquid Crystal Display
LED – Light Emitting Diode
LDAP – Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
L1/L2/L3 Cache – Level 1/2/3 Cache (temporary storage for frequently accessed data)
MAC – Media Access Control
Mbps – Megabits per second
MHz – Megahertz
MFA – Multi-Factor Authentication
MIME – Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
MP3 – MPEG Audio Layer 3 (a popular digital audio format)
MPEG – Moving Picture Experts Group (a set of standards for digital video/audio encoding)
MS-D – Microsoft Disk Operating System
MVC – Model-View-Controller (a software design pattern)
MBR – Master Boot Record (a type of boot sector used in computers)
MCU – Microcontroller Unit
NIC – Network Interface Card
NIST – National Institute of Standards and Technology
NAS – Network Attached Storage
NAT – Network Address Translation
NFS – Network File System
NTFS – New Technology File System (a file system used by Windows)
NTP – Network Time Protocol
NNTP – Network News Transfer Protocol
NUMA – Non-Uniform Memory Access
npm – Node Package Manager (a package manager for Node.js)
NSA – National Security Agency
NVRAM – Non-Volatile Random Access Memory
OS – Operating System
OCR – Optical Character Recognition
OOP – Object-Oriented Programming
OLED – Organic Light Emitting Diode
ODBC – Open Database Connectivity
ORM – Object-Relational Mapping
OTP – One-Time Password
OLE – Object Linking and Embedding
OSI – Open Systems Interconnection
OpenGL – Open Graphics Library
OASIS – Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards
OAS – Oracle Application Server
OTA – Over-the-Air (referring to wireless data transfer)
OEM – Original Equipment Manufacturer
PC – Personal Computer
PSU – Power Supply Unit
PCIe – Peripheral Component Interconnect Express
PCI – Peripheral Component Interconnect
POP – Post Office Protocol
QoS – Quality of Service
RAM – Random Access Memory
ROM – Read-Only Memory
RAID – Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks
RGB – Red Green Blue (a color model used in digital imaging and video)
RPC – Remote Procedure Call
RTF – Rich Text Format
RDBMS – Relational Database Management System
RSS – Really Simple Syndication
RIP – Routing Information Protocol
RARP – Reverse Address Resolution Protocol
RAID – Redundant Array of Independent Disks
RISC – Reduced Instruction Set Computing
REST – Representational State Transfer
RJ45 – Registered Jack 45 (a type of connector used for Ethernet cables)
RFI – Radio Frequency Interference
RPM – Red Hat Package Manager (a package management system used by some Linux distributions)
SSD – Solid State Drive
SATA – Serial Advanced Technology
SQL – Structured Query Language
CSS – Cascading Style Sheets
TCP/IP – Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
UI – User Interface
URL – Uniform Resource Locator
USB – Universal Serial Bus
UPS – Uninterruptible Power Supply
UTP – Unshielded Twisted Pair
VPN – Virtual Private Network
VGA – Video Graphics Array
VR – Virtual Reality
VOIP – Voice over Internet Protocol
VLAN – Virtual Local Area Network
VDI – Virtual Desktop Infrastructure
VM – Virtual Machine
WAN – Wide Area Network
WLAN – Wireless Local Area Network
Wi-Fi – Wireless Fidelity: A technology that uses radio waves to provide wireless high-speed internet and network connections.
WPA – Wi-Fi Protected Access
WEP – Wired Equivalent Privacy
WYSIWYG – What You See Is What You Get
WWW – World Wide Web
WORM – Write Once Read Many
WAN/LAN – Wireless Area Network/Local Area Network
XML – Extensible Markup Language
XSS – Cross-Site Scripting
XHR – XML Http Request
XPS – XML Paper Specification
XaaS – Anything as a Service
YAML – YAML Ain’t Markup Language
Y2K – Year 2000
YMMV – Your Mileage May Vary
YUV – YCbCr Color Space
ZIP – Zone Improvement Plan
ZIF – Zero Insertion Force
ZFS – Zettabyte File System
ZRAM – Zero Random Access Memory (previously called Compcache)
ZVS – Zero Voltage Switching.
Computer Abbreviations

FAQ

What is a computer abbreviation?

A computer abbreviation is an abbreviation used in computer technology.

Why are acronyms used in computing programming?

In computer technology, computer acronyms are commonly used to save time and space while writing or typing. They are also used in the creation of memorable acronyms or shorthand for technical terminologies and topics.

How to learn computer abbreviations?

Computer full-forms can be learned by reading technical articles and books, taking courses or tutorials on computing, and using online resources such as glossaries or dictionaries of computer terminology.

Are computer abbreviations universal?

Certain computer abbreviations are universal and widely used across different countries and languages, while others could be specific to specific regions or industries.

What is BIOS?

BIOS stands for Basic Input/Output System, managing hardware communication during startup.

What is ISP in the context of the internet?

Internet Service Provider.

What is HTTP in web browsing?

Hypertext Transfer Protocol.

What is SSD used for?

Solid State Drive.

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